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Introduction: Background: Accidents are one of the most important causes of injury and death across the world including Iran, and epidemiological data play a key role in the taking of effective strategic decisions for their prevention and control. This study was conducted to determine the Frequency of different types of accidents in children under 5 years of age in Yazd province, Iran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional (descriptive-analytical) study, data on 2489 children under 5 years referred to hospitals in Yazd province were collected from 21 March, 2015 to 20 March, 2016, using the accidents registration form and related software. Data were analyzed by chi-square in the SPSS version 19.
Results: The frequency of accidents in boys was 1460 (58.7%) and in girls 1029 (41.3%). Accidents occurred most frequently in April-May (n: 245, 9.8%) and the winter season (n: 693, 27.8%). 93.3% of accidents occurred in the urban areas, 4.4% in the rural areas and 2.3% in outside the city and village. The total number of accidents at home was 1743 (70%) and in the alleys and on the street 495 (19%), the most frequent accident was falling (n: 743, 29.9%), followed by burns (n: 543, 21.8%) and trauma (n: 495, 19.9%).
There was a significant difference between the accident area and age, and the type of accident (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The comparatively higher frequency of falling, burn, trauma, as well as the accidents at home and in the winter indicate parents’ insufficient attention to home safety standards and their lack of adequate information about protection of children under the age of 5 years against the most common accidents of this age group. Planning for and intervention in these areas can lead to a reduction in accidents in this age group.
Keywords: Epidemiology [MeSH], Accidents [MeSH], Child [MeSH],
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/16 | Accepted: 2018/09/16 | Published: 2018/09/16

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