Document Type : Lessons learned

Authors

1 Uttarakhand State Disaster Management Authority, Uttarakhand Secretariat, Rajpur Road, Dehradun – 248 001, Uttrakhand, India

2 Department of Rural Development, Dehradun – 248 001, Uttrakhand, India

3 1 Uttarakhand State Disaster Management Authority, Uttarakhand Secretariat, Rajpur Road, Dehradun – 248 001, Uttrakhand, India

Abstract

204 persons were killed, while two hydropower projects located in close proximity at Rini (13.2 MW) and Tapoban (520 MW) were severely damaged in Dhauliganga flood of February 7, 2021 in the Indian Himalaya that also caused massive loss of farm animals, agricultural land, property and infrastructure. This incidence occurred during the winter season when the discharge of glacier fed rivers is minimal, and no rain was experienced in the region around the time of the flood. Based on detailed review of post-disaster search and rescue efforts, and bottlenecks faced by disaster managers, the authors recommend:  (i) scientific documentation of past catastrophic events, (ii) detailed assessment of risk posed by various hazards, (iii) legally binding disaster risk assessment and reduction regime for major infrastructure projects, (iv) robust, reliable and redundant warning generation and dissemination infrastructure, (v) diversification of assets, and (vi) nurturing a dedicated cadre of DRR professions.
 

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